Monday, July 30, 2018

July News Round-up


With July coming rapidly to a close, we have lots of milestones and events to celebrate in the MWDL community! July is National Ice Cream Month, so grab a cone and cool off with this news update.


MWDL Summer Conference


J. Willard Marriott Library at University of Utah hosted the MWDL Summer Conference on July 10-11. It was wonderful seeing so many people from members and the general community for two packed days of presentations, updates, bingo, library tours and networking. 

In case you weren't able to join us, the proceedings will be online soon and we look forward to seeing you at the next meeting!

DPLA's Executive Director, John Bracken, gave a live video update on July 11 facilitated by MWDL's Director, Kinza Masood

Taskforces forming


Two MWDL taskforces are forming: Training, with Liz Woolcott of Utah State University as chair, and Metadata Application Profile, with Teresa Hebron of MWDL as chair. 

Thanks to all who volunteered to participate and we're excited to work on these projects!

Collection harvesting


Throughout June and July, we welcomed new collections from several members:

Buffalo Bill Center of the West
Salt Lake Community College
Utah State Archives

Thanks for these contributions! If you have new collections you'd like to have harvested, please let us know by filling out the harvest request form on our website.

Gearing up for fall


Please let us know if you have collections or events you'd like us to help promote in advance of the fall semester. Back to school is right around the corner!

DPLA


The next DPLA harvest of MWDL will be in the week of August 27.

Utah State Library job posting


If you're currently seeking a job or considering a change, head over to the Utah State Jobs page and look up Job No. 16456, Library Resources Manager, at the Utah State Library! 

Complete Job Description and online application at: https://statejobs.utah.gov

Stay cool and we'll see you soon!

Friday, June 15, 2018

MWDL Summer 2018 Conference!

The Mountain West Digital Library (MWDL) is excited to host their Summer 2018 Conference! Registration deadline for the Conference is Friday, June 27th!

The conference consists of the All Hubs Meeting (for Hub Members only, on 7/10), and the Digitization Community Day (open to everyone, on 7/11). We invite anyone in the community that is interested in learning about digitization best practices, and participating in discussions about local and regional digital repositories, to register for the second day.

Registration link: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/796GPS6

The conference will be held at J. Willard Marriott Library at the University of Utah campus. Please join us and your network colleagues to explore strategic directions for the MWDL network, collaborate on initiatives, and share with and learn from each other. Please pass this information along to your colleagues and friends that may be interested! Keep checking the conference website for updates on logistical details here: https://www.mwdl.org/events/MWDLMeetingSummer2018.php

Registration

Thursday, May 31, 2018

May News Round-up


How is it already almost June? Rolling stones gather no moss, and MWDL is rolling right along! Here are a few noteworthy items.


Save the Date: MWDL Annual Meeting


The MWDL Annual Hubs and Member meeting will be taking place at J. Willard Marriott Library (University of Utah) Tuesday July 10 and Wednesday July 11. Mark your calendars and we hope to see you in Salt Lake City! July 10 will be the All Hubs Meeting and July 11 will be the Digitization Committee Meeting.  


We are also opening up July 11th for other members in the community that are interested in learning about digitization best practices, future directions, and local and regional digital repositories, with formal registration (coming soon).



University of Utah reharvest


We're pleased to announce that all collections hosted by University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library have been reharvested by MWDL from their Solphal digital asset management system. This is the first reharvest since Solphal went live in 2017, totaling 504, 296 items as of May 31. Congratulations! 


New collections


We've welcomed many new collections from a variety of members in late spring 2018, including:

Boise State University
Buffalo Bill Center of the West
Oregon Digital
Orem (UT) Public Library
Utah State Archives
Utah State University


DPLA Harvest


DPLA harvests from MWDL on a quarterly basis (February/May/August/November), and we are nearly done with May's harvest. I'll send an update when the most recent harvest is complete. 


Where in the world is MWDL?


Our intrepid Metadata Assistant, Keegan Dohm, is studying abroad this summer in Kyrgyzstan! Keegan was awarded a three-month scholarship to live in the country in support of his Russian language minor. Congrats Keegan, and we'll see you back at the ranch in August!



That's all for now, and we look forward to seeing many of you in July for the annual meeting! Happy almost-summer!


Thursday, May 10, 2018

Updates & New Address for MWDL Metadata Audit Tool


We're pleased to announce that our public metadata auditing tool, first launched in late 2015, has been updated this spring! With the addition of Oregon Digital to the MWDL member network, I thought it would be a good time to review the tool and make a few updates.

For those just tuning in, the tool was adapted from North Carolina Digital Heritage Center's DPLA OAI Aggregation project (available on GitHub) by MWDL's previous director, Sandra McIntyre.

How does it work? The tools use XSL to test and display the XML data from your OAI stream in an easy-to-read visual presentation, so you don't have to look through your records one at a time. They speed up the auditing process immensely! If you're not familiar with OAI and how it works, you can learn more on our page about OAI queries.

What's New? First, the tool has a new address: mwdlmetadata.tools.lib.utah.edu . The tool now resides on a newer server and we gave it a more branded URL than its previous dpla-aggregation.sandbox.lib.utah.edu. Please update your bookmarks!

The tool offers three features to aid in analyzing your metadata:

  • Mapping checker (updated)- shows data from all fields in all records in a specific collection
  • Required data checker (updated)- checks both required and recommended fields for conformance with MWDL MAP and highlights records where data may be missing
  • Facet viewer (new)- Displays all values for a chosen field (title, subject, date, etc) in a specific collection

The mapping checker and required data checkers were both updated to test for OAI feeds configured differently than those coming from CONTENTdm. Over the past couple years, several members have shifted away from CDM to platforms like Samvera (formerly Hydra), Islandora, and even homegrown systems (University of Utah's Solphal). The Simple Dublin Core Required Data checker can be used with CDM, Islandora, and Solphal.

I added the Facet Viewer, which was part of NCDHC's original design but not included in the MWDL adaptation of the tool. The facet viewer displays all values used in a field descending order of frequency, and can help find inconsistencies, spelling errors, and other issues with metadata. Here's how it looks in action, viewing subjects from Utah State University's Topaz Japanese-American Relocation Center collection:



Please send any feedback or enhancement ideas for the tool to me at teresa.hebron[at]mwdl.org, and happy auditing!


Friday, May 4, 2018

Collections spotlight: Japanese internment experience


With the addition of several new collections in April from Utah State Archives and Oregon Digital, we thought it would be interesting to highlight materials in MWDL pertaining to the World War II-era Japanese internment camps. In the following collections you can find comprehensive materials illustrating the memory of people interned in these camps along with details concerning the administrative operation of the camps. Oral histories, photographs, government records, student theses and special collections detail the experience of Japanese-Americans in Utah, California, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, and Arizona. 

Huge thanks to the numerous partners who have shared this content with Mountain West!


Topaz Japanese-American Relocation Center Digital Collection (Utah State University- Merrill-Cazier Library)


In 1942 shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, over 110,000 people of Japanese ancestry were forcibly removed from California, Oregon, and Washington and confined to relocation centers. One of these relocation centers was the Topaz Relocation Center located on 17,500 acres in the middle of the Sevier Desert just outside of Delta, Utah. Until the camp closed in Oct. 1945, over 8,000 men, women and children lived, worked, and went to school there; over 100 of its residents volunteered for and served in the U.S. armed forces.

What was it like to be a resident of one of these relocation centers? School yearbooks and literary magazines written and illustrated by Topaz residents offer insight into the life, activities, and feelings of the Japanese Americans held there from 1942-1945. These and other items owned by Utah State University Library are being digitized as part of its Topaz Japanese-American Relocation Center Digital Collection.


The Relocation Program: A Guidebook for the Residents of Relocation Centers | May 1943 | War Relocation Authority | Washington D.C.



Our Daily Diary, Topaz War Relocation Center (University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library)


This collection contains a record of the diary entries of a third grade class in Topaz Relocation in the Summer of 1943. Many of the entries contain crayon images and accounts of daily life like the one pictured below.


Our Daily Diary, a diary kept by third graders at Mountain View School at the Topaz Relocation Center from March 8 - August 12, 1943.


National Japanese American Student Relocation Council records, 1942-1946 (Oregon Digital - Added to MWDL in April)


In this collection you'll find an assortment of items detailing the operation and records of the National Japanese American Student Relocation Council. Included are meeting minutes, newsletters, faculty correspondences, and more. The NJASRC was created by university administrators as a way of moving Japanese-American students to other universities farther from the West Coast, rather than sending them to internment camps.




Davis County (UT) Sheriff Alien Enemy Registration Forms (Utah State Archives - Added to MWDL in April)


This series contains alien enemy registration forms assembled by the Davis County Sheriff during World War II. The forms document individuals and families of Japanese descent living in Davis County from 1940-1945. The forms include the following types of information: household head's name and address, landlord or employer's name and address, family members' names, birth dates, birth places and registration numbers, as well as the number and types of firearms and ammunition belonging to each individual or family. A number of composite listings are also included in the series, detailing many of the same individuals and types of information as the registration forms.

Further description and information can be found in the series inventory online.


Topaz Oral Histories (University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library)


The Topaz Oral Histories collection contains 33 records, many of which are transcripted interviews or contain numerous research materials. Each interview explores in depth the life of a former resident of the Japanese internment camp in Topaz, Utah. 


Peoples of Utah (Utah Department of Heritage & Arts)


The Peoples of Utah collection displays a series of photographs documenting the various peoples and cultures present in Utah. It contains several pictures which capture Japanese-American presence in Utah including the image below depicting the Topaz internment camp.

Japanese Internment Camp at Topaz, Utah.

 

 

Barre Toelken Fieldwork Image Collection (Utah State University Merrill-Cazier Library) 


Created by professor emeritus Barre Toelken, this collection spans 1954-2002, covers a variety of folklore topics, and also includes photos of Heart Mountain (WY) Relocation Center as well as Topaz (UT)  Relocation Camp. 


Utah Government Digital Library (Utah State Library) 


Several items including a short history of Topaz Internment Camp, and a published study related to the creation of monuments to the Japanese-American internment experience.  

Everett L. Cooley Oral History Project (University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library)


A collection of oral histories from a wide variety of subjects, including interviews with Wanda Robertson, Raymond Songi Uno, and Joy Hashimoto directly related to the Japanese internment.


University of Utah Photograph Archives (University of Utah J. Willard Marriot Library)


Includes photos of Tule Lake (CA) and Waukon (WA) camps.

 

Women's Walk: Honoring the Women of Utah  (Utah Valley University)


Jeanette Misaka describes the circumstances of her family’s forced evacuation from their home in California following the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the subsequent Executive Order 9066 from President Roosevelt that followed. She includes the details of living first at the Santa Anita Racetrack and then being moved by train to the Heart Mountain Wyoming internment camp.


Interviews with Jews in Utah (University of Utah J Willard Marriott Library)

Includes a 1983 interview with Norman Nathan (1897-1985) about his experience of growing up Jewish in Utah and later working in a Japanese internment camp in Idaho. 

 

Weber State Student Oral History Projects - Al Aoki interview, 1971 (Weber State University Stewart Library)


An oral history interview with Mr. Al Aoki and Mrs. Al Aoki. The interview was conducted on March 10, 1971, by Janet Anderson, in Ogden, Utah. Mr. and Mrs. Aoki discuss World War II, the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and their lives after the war.


Loyal, No Matter What: Jim and Kimiko Tazoi (Brigham Young University Finding Aids)

The booklet describes Jim's experiences serving as a Japanese American in Europe during WWII and Kimiko's experiences in a Japanese internment camp in Arizona. Dated 2006. 

LaVelle Sorensen Johnson Papers  (Utah Department of Heritage and Arts Finding Aids)

Correspondence, published and unpublished materials including biographies of early Millard County residents. The collection emphasizes the importance of water in the social and economic development of Delta, McCormick, and other towns born of the boosterism of the early 1900s.

Children's Play and Book Review (Brigham Young University)

Contains reviews of "Farewell to Manzanar" by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and "So Far From The Sea" by Eve Bunting.

 

Utah Division of State Archives Series Inventories - Millard County (Utah). Justice of the Peace: Delta Precinct Docket books, 1922-1969 (Utah State Archives)


These fifteen volumes record individual cases heard by the justice court in Delta (both Delta Town and Delta Precinct). They contain the names of the parties involved, the date, the name of the justice of the peace, the complaint, the action taken, the names of the attorneys, the type of papers filed, and the judgment rendered. A ledger column is also available to enable the judge to keep track of the costs involved in each case.; These fifteen volumes record individual cases heard by the justice court in Delta (both Delta Town and Delta Precinct).

 

University of Utah Theses and Dissertations (University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library)


2 masters theses about the internment experience: "Doing family: communicating memories of the Japanese American incarceration" by Laura Kasiwashe (2013) and "Enemies at home": race, citizenship, and the roots of Japanese American internment policy" by Barbara Jones Brown, 2012


Frank Beckwith Collection (Delta (UT) City Library)


Photographs and scrapbooks by Frank Asahel Beckwith, editor and publisher of the Millard County Chronicle from 1919-1951. Mr. Beckwith was an amateur geologist and anthropologist and his photographs depict Utah landscapes and Native Americans, as well as photos of the Topaz Internment Camp.

Salt Lake Tribune Negative Collection (University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library)


Numerous photos of Topaz (Utah) Internment Camp.


KUED Topaz Residents Collection (Utah Department of Heritage & Arts)


This collection consists of images of Japanese Americans before and during internment at the Topaz Internment Camp in Delta, Utah.


Interviews with Japanese Americans in Utah (University of Utah J. Willard Marriott Library)


The interviews with Japanese Americans in Utah (1984-1988) consists of transcripts of a series of interviews conducted with members of the Japanese community between 1984 and 1988. Common themes within the interviews are family life, work, religion, immigration experiences, discrimination, and relations with the Mormon establishment in Utah.


Topaz City - Topaz Museum (Topaz Museum)


Finally, this collection contains the photos of the from the Topaz Internment Camp Museum. 8,000 individuals lived at this camp from 1942-1945, and this collection includes over 200 photos documenting their life.


If you would like to do more research on your own, commonly-used subjects from these collections include:


Japanese Americans-- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1954
Internment of Japanese Americans, 1942-1945
Relocation / Internment Camps
Names of camps/cities, ex: Tule Lake, Delta City, Topaz, Heart Mountain, Manzanar, Minidoka, Waukon, etc.



Friday, April 20, 2018

Yee-haw! Recent collection harvest roundup!


We are thrilled to welcome yet more collections to MWDL! This week saw the addition of another three collections from Boise State University-Alberstons Library, one from Orem (UT) Public Library, and five from Utah State University-Merrill-Cazier Library. Read on to learn more about these collections! They are a very diverse group, ranging from political papers to pioneer history to legends of haunted retreats. 

Boise State University


Claudio Beagarie Photographs of California Farm Workers
From 1965 to 1967, photographer Claudio Beagarie documented through photos the farm workers' struggle for economic justice and civil rights in California. A union activist with a commitment to progressive causes, Beagarie captured images of farm workers in their homes, in the fields, and marching with Cesar Chavez, cofounder of the United Farm Workers of America and the best-known leader of the movement.

Frank and Bethine Church Collection
The entire photograph collection of Frank and Bethine Church, spanning their young adult years in Boise, Idaho, 1940-1943, the early political career of Frank as Idaho Legislature, 1952-1956, and U.S. Senator, 1958-1980, and Bethine's involvement in social and environmental issue in the 1990s to 2010. The majority of the photographs document the many campaigns, political events in Washington D.C. and around the world, and daily work as a U.S. Senator. Church's involvment in foreign relations is well documented in photographs, as well as his work with other various Senate committees. The collection contains both video and audio clips, documents and photographs.

Pete Cenarrusa Collection
Photos, clippings, articles and some emphemera from the life and carreer of Pete T. Cenarrusa, Idaho's longest serving public official. The son of Basque Country immigrants, Cennarusa was an Idaho native who devoted his life to promoting and preserving Basque culture. Cennarusa passed away in 2013.

Orem (UT) Public Library


Orem (UT) School Yearbooks

This digital collection focuses on the scrapbooks and yearbooks from the elementary, junior high and high schools, past and present, of Orem, Utah.  Several of the schools-Spencer School, Lincoln High School, and Lincoln Junior High School-no longer exist.

The schools included in this collection, and the years of operation, are:
  • Spencer School, 1883-1989
  • Lincoln High School, 1912-1921
  • Lincoln Junior High School, 1921-1975
  • Orem High School, 1956-
  • Mountain View High School, 1980-
  • Timpanogos High School, 1996-
  • Orem Junior High School, 1963-2010
  • Lakeridge Junior High School, 1975-
  • Canyon View Junior High School, 1985-1989

The most recent yearbooks are subject to a five to seven year delay from the original publication date. Missing yearbooks from these schools as well as materials from additional schools may be added in the future as they become available.

This project was made possible in part by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (USL16-004).

Utah State University 


American Folklore Society Papers
The American Folklore Society (AFS) is a scholarly association that exists to further the discipline of folklore studies. The society was founded in Boston in 1888 by such luminaries as Francis James Child, William Wells Newell, Daniel Garrison Brinton, and Franz Boas, with its principal emphasis directed toward the publication of a scientific journal and the convening of an annual meeting.

The society’s papers and records are archived at Utah State University’s Special Collections & Archives (USU SCA). As records become inactive, AFS will transfer them to USU SCA. These materials are then indexed and made available for research. Included in the collection are correspondence, memorandums, financial records, membership records, meeting agendas, conferences, notes, questionnaires, surveys, election records, by-laws, applications, grants, committee records, and affiliate records. With the increased use of electronic communication at the turn of the 21st century, many of these records have transitioned from paper-based to born-digital. USU SCA continues to host the paper materials in onsite archival storage while this digital collection serves as the access point for born-digital materials.

Brigham Young College
This digital collection covers the history of Brigham Young College from its beginnings in 1877 to its final memorial service in 1926 and contains many of the college’s publications, such as the student-edited Crimson and Crimson Annual, and the official College Bulletins and Catalogues. While many of the BYC materials held in USU’s Special Collections and Archives are represented in the digital collection, the finding aids for the Brigham Young College Records Collection (1877-1926) and the Brigham Young College Photograph & Memorabilia Collection (1860-1963) contain a full inventory of items. Following its final commencement and the divestment of much of its assets, the campus itself became the home of the Logan Senior High School, where it continues to operate today.

Cache Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum Collection
The Cache Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum honors the pioneers who came to Utah and settled Cache Valley before 1869. It is the Museum’s mission to honor that legacy by sharing the artifacts, histories and photos of those pioneers. The Museum operates under the direction of the International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers.

The portraits in this digital collection represent pioneers from around the world who came to Utah. The portraits depict early settlers of Cache Valley, Utah, prominent business leaders in Cache County, and early leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. They also depict community organizations in Cache Valley, including local bands, fire departments, the Cache Stake/Logan Tabernacle Choir, and Logan Temple workers.

Logan Public Library - Logan (UT) Digital Collection
Logan Public Library has spent considerable amount of time collecting images related to the architectural landscape of the city over time. We are proud to offer a collection of some of these photographs combined with other materials related to the history of Logan, Utah. 

This digital collection begun with a grant from the Digital Public Library of America's Public Library Partnership Project and the Mountain West Library Digital Services grants.


Palmer DeLong
Palmer DeLong was born on March 16, 1918 in Ogden, Utah. In 1941 he graduated from Utah State Agricultural College with a degree in Civil Engineering and joined the United States Bureau of Reclamation, where he directed water management projects and operations for 38 years. Among his most significant contributions was his service as the project manager of the Central Utah Project, a massive effort to provide water for agricultural, municipal, and industrial use through the construction of an extensive network of aqueducts, dams, and reservoirs. DeLong passed away in October 2010 in Orem, Utah. 

This digital collection contains reports, speeches, photographs, and correspondence related to DeLong’s work on the Central Utah Project, which were scanned from original documents retained by the donor. A complete inventory of these digitized items, as well as additional physical materials housed in Special Collections and Archives, can be viewed here: http://archiveswest.orbiscascade.org/ark:/80444/xv98550


St. Anne's Retreat
Legendary St. Anne’s Retreat in Logan Canyon has been the source of a contemporary oral tradition and legend-tripping for the last fifty years.  Local legends tell of a haunted place with stories laced in ancient themes telling of nuns and priests secretly engaging in sexual encounters, nuns getting pregnant by priests, giving birth and drowning their babies in the legendary pool.

Explore this collection to research the meaning behind these legends, the circumstances around this event and how religious folklore and other cultural constructs play important roles in the maintenance of a vivid local legend cluster. 

St. Ann's OR St. Anne's: What's in a Name? According to the Catholic Diocese of Salt Lake City, the Retreat is officially spelled St. Ann’s Retreat (Ann without an “e”). Local traditions, including most collected legend versions held in the Fife Folklore Archives, articles from the local newspaper, and some scholarly articles, use the spelling of St. Anne’s (with the “e”). While not the official spelling, this collection reflects the folklore surrounding this location. Therefore, we have chosen to represent the folk spelling in this collection.

Thanks to all the hard work at each of these institutions for making these collections available! 





Tuesday, April 17, 2018

14 New Collections from Oregon Digital!



Oregon Digital is one of our newest members and they are doing a splendid job of sending us new collections to work with. We look forward to the next set. We spotlighted some of our favorites below along with links to the rest of the 14 new collections.


Dissociation and Trauma Archives


The Dissociation and Trauma Archives contains original psychological  studies and cases in English and French. The oldest of these reports was written in 1845 regarding a case of "Double-Consciousness". Many of these studies pertain to cases of multiple personality or identity disorder and they may be acutely interesting to anyone passionate about medical history. 

An excerpt from Hypnotic and Post-Hypnotic Appreciation of Time: Secondary and Multiplex Personalities. It reads, "I commenced to employ hypnotism as a theropeutic agent in 1889, and in less the two years treated over 500--"

 

 

Lesbian Intentional Community: Ruth Mountaingrove (b.1923) Photographs


Ruth Mountaingrove (1923– ) is a photographer, writer and artist who moved to Oregon in 1971, settling in communes and eventually co-founding Rootworks, a lesbian land in Southern Oregon. Rootworks was home to the Ovular workshops, which Ruth and Tee Corinne, another prominent lesbian photographer, and others, led. The workshops, which ran for six years, were an opportunity for women to learn photography in the context of the Women’s Movement, providing a means for the women to examine the differences between the way men pictured women and the way the women saw themselves. The feminist photography magazine, The Blatant Image, sprang from the Ovular workshops. The Ruth Mountaingrove collection consists of correspondence, diaries, ephemera, and photographs.

Photograph from the Ruth Mountaingrove papers, 1950-1999           



C. L. Andrews Photographs,1880s-1948


Clarence L. Andrews (1862-1948) documented and collected documentation on native life, natural resources, and exploration of Alaska and the Yukon. The collection (1805-1948) consists of approximately 1600 prints and 75 negatives by more than 60 photographers, dealing almost exclusively with Alaska and the Yukon. Main subjects include the towns of Sitka, Skagway, Eagle, and Valdez; modes of transportation, from reindeer and dogs to railroads, ships, and kayaks; Native Americans; totems; wildlife and natural resources.

A man identified as R. Amundsen stands in a snowy arctic landscape with three dogs. Roald Amundsen was the discoverer of the South Pole and the first person to fly over the North Pole. He is clothed in fur garments with hooded coat with fringes, pants, gloves and laced boots. Part of a mountain, or glacier is visible in the background.


Dan Powell Photographs,1970s-2000s


This collection contains interpretive and expressive photographs captured by Dan Powell, an Associate Professor and Head of the Photography Program at Oregon State University. The photographs document a diverse range of subjects from an equally sweeping range of locations including Oregon, the Western US, New York City, and many European countries.

Color image of torn photograph of a man's chin and necktie lying on a white background. The bottom of the photograph has a blue band with black handwriting. Below the photo rests a black ceramic vessel containing a thorny twig, atop a crumpled section of black and silver paper.


The Electric Studio/O.G.Allen Photographs, ca. 1911-1913


The Orla G. Allen Photographs focus on rodeo events and people circa 1911-1913 and contain a few fantastic photos illustrating the life of the rodeo at the time.  If this piques your interest you might also look at the Grayson Mathews (1948-2007) Photographs, 1970s-1990s which contains a large collection of rodeo photos from around the 1970s. 


A man identified as Martin Schmitt is lying in the grass in front of an appaloosa horse. He is wearing a cowboy hat, long-sleeved shirt, holster containing bullets and gun, and wooly chaps. A handkerchief is tied around his neck. The horse is fitted with a saddle, bridle and reins. Coiled rope hangs from the saddle. Deciduous trees, flowers, and a wooden fence are visible in the background.


Explore the other Oregon Digital Collections! 

These are mainly composed of portrait photographs documenting indigenous peoples, events, places, and daily life from the mid 19th to late 20th centuries.

Florence M. Hartshorn Photographs
Charles W. Furlong(1874-1967) Photographs